The Triple-C Impact: Responding to Childhood Exposure to Crime and Violence
52 Pages Posted: 8 Aug 2017 Last revised: 17 Nov 2017
Date Written: August 4, 2017
The article is the first to take an inclusive look at the monumental problem of crime exposure during childhood, which is estimated to be one of the most damaging and costly public health and public safety problem in our society today. We conducted a unique 50-state survey, examining the state-level statutory responses to affected children. The survey uncovered staggering system failures, bureaucratic labyrinth, access to information challenges, and lack of coordination among governing agencies and organizations. Consequently, despite statutory eligibility for therapeutic services and compensation, the majority of children suffering the dire consequences of crime exposure are never identified. Even when identified, only a miniscule minority ever receive services or treatment to facilitate recovery.
Informed by scientific findings, the article also takes on the challenging task of ‘naming’ this complex problem by coining the term Comprehensive Childhood Crime Impact or in short the Triple-C Impact. The term embodies the full effect of direct and indirect crime exposure on children due to their unique developmental characteristics, and the mammoth spillover effect on our society as a whole.
Keywords: crime; criminal justice; child law; victimization; violence; crime exposure; VOCA; victim compensation; victim assistance; law & social science; crime victim services; child protection
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