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The Fiscal Impact of EU Immigration on the Tax-Financed Welfare State: Testing the ‘Welfare Burden’ Thesis

European Union Politics, Forthcoming

28 Pages Posted: 9 Aug 2017  

Dorte Sindbjerg Martinsen

University of Copenhagen - Department of Political Science

Gabriel Pons Rotger

The Danish National Centre for Social Research

Date Written: August 7, 2017

Abstract

The European Union’s rules on free movement of people and the right to cross-border welfare are increasingly contested and have evoked one of the most salient debates in EU politics. The assumption that EU immigrants pose a net ‘welfare burden’ on the host member state has sounded loud and wide in recent years. This calls for an empirical test. In this article, we examine the fiscal impact of EU immigration on the universalistic, tax-financed welfare state of Denmark. We analyse EU citizens’ contribution to and consumption of welfare benefits between 2002 and 2013 on the basis of a unique dataset of administrative data, consisting of repeated cross sections of 100% of the EU population residing in Denmark. We find that EU immigrants made a significant positive net contribution to the Danish welfare state over the long time span examined and thus reject the ‘welfare burden’ thesis for the crucial case of Denmark.

Online appendix is available at: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3014774

Keywords: European Union, Fiscal Impact, Free Movement of People, Welfare Burden Thesis, Welfare State

Suggested Citation

Martinsen, Dorte Sindbjerg and Rotger, Gabriel Pons, The Fiscal Impact of EU Immigration on the Tax-Financed Welfare State: Testing the ‘Welfare Burden’ Thesis (August 7, 2017). European Union Politics, Forthcoming . Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3014789

Dorte Sindbjerg Martinsen (Contact Author)

University of Copenhagen - Department of Political Science ( email )

Øster Farimagsgade 5
Copenhagen
Denmark
+45 3532 3426 (Phone)

Gabriel Rotger

The Danish National Centre for Social Research ( email )

Herluf Trolles Gade 11
Copenhagen, 1052
Denmark

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