Self-Fulfilling Prophecies in the Classroom
34 Pages Posted: 10 Aug 2017
Date Written: August 9, 2017
Do teachers’ expectations directly impact student achievement? We draw on administrative data from North Carolina schools that report both student test scores and teachers’ expectations of students’ performance on these tests. Employing student fixed effects and instrumental variables strategies to overcome endogeneity concerns, we find that higher exogenously-determined teacher expectations increase test scores by nearly one-tenth of a standard deviation. Impacts are generally larger for students in earlier grades.
Keywords: education, self-fulfilling prophecies, expectations
JEL Classification: I20
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation