Gender Quotas for Legislatures and Corporate Boards

Posted: 14 Aug 2017

See all articles by Melanie Hughes

Melanie Hughes

University of Pittsburgh

Pamela Paxton

University of Texas at Austin

Mona Lena Krook

Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey

Date Written: July 2017

Abstract

The global proliferation of quotas for women over the past 30 years is both remarkable and consequential. Targeting decision-making positions historically resistant to women's equal inclusion, the adoption of electoral and corporate board quotas has at times been controversial. After adoption, quotas have influenced women's numbers, the performance and outcomes of decision-making bodies, and broader public attitudes. In this review, we distinguish among types of electoral and corporate quotas, trace arguments for and against the adoption of quotas, and review research on factors that influence quota adoption across time and space. After outlining the methodological difficulties in demonstrating an impact of gender quotas, we review research that is able to isolate an impact of quotas in politics and business. We conclude by providing several suggestions to ensure that future research continues to advance our understanding of the form, spread, and impact of gender quotas.

Suggested Citation

Hughes, Melanie and Paxton, Pamela and Krook, Mona Lena, Gender Quotas for Legislatures and Corporate Boards (July 2017). Annual Review of Sociology, Vol. 43, pp. 331-352, 2017. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3018066 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-soc-060116-053324

Melanie Hughes (Contact Author)

University of Pittsburgh ( email )

135 N Bellefield Ave
Pittsburgh, PA 15260
United States

Pamela Paxton

University of Texas at Austin ( email )

Austin, TX 78712
United States

Mona Lena Krook

Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey ( email )

311 North 5th Street
New Brunswick, NJ 08854
United States

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