Tracing Back the Weather Origins of Human Welfare: Evidence from Mozambique

26 Pages Posted: 15 Aug 2017 Last revised: 16 Aug 2017

See all articles by Javier Eduardo Baez

Javier Eduardo Baez

World Bank; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

German Daniel Caruso

World Bank

Chiyu Niu

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign - Department of Agricultural and Consumer Economics

Date Written: August 14, 2017

Abstract

Mozambique is among the African countries most exposed to weather-related hazards. Using detailed gridded precipitation data for individuals' birth-year and birth-district, this study investigates the effects of extreme rainfall anomalies around the time of birth on long-run well-being. The results show that the socioeconomic outcomes of adults are influenced by weather shocks that occur early in life. Individuals exposed to floods while in utero or during the first year of life are less likely to participate in the labor market. Consequently, the households that they are heading exhibit lower consumption and are more prone to be poor. In disentangling the mechanisms at play, this paper presents suggestive evidence of variation in agricultural output, food security, and subsequent detrimental effects on human capital accumulation as important drivers behind the impacts. The study concludes that policy efforts aimed at accelerating poverty reduction in Mozambique will have to consider the inability of rural households to shield the well-being of children from the consequences of extreme weather shocks.

Keywords: Inequality, Climate Change and Environment, Science of Climate Change, Climate Change and Health

Suggested Citation

Baez, Javier Eduardo and Caruso, German Daniel and Niu, Chiyu, Tracing Back the Weather Origins of Human Welfare: Evidence from Mozambique (August 14, 2017). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 8167, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3018920

Javier Eduardo Baez (Contact Author)

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

German Daniel Caruso

World Bank

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Chiyu Niu

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign - Department of Agricultural and Consumer Economics ( email )

1301 W. Gregory Drive
Urbana, IL 61801
United States

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