The Arbitrator's Jurisdiction to Determine Jurisdiction

13 ICCA Congress Series 55 (Permanent Court of Arbitration, The Hague, 2007)

Boston Univ. School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 17-33

158 Pages Posted: 29 Aug 2017

See all articles by William W. Park

William W. Park

Boston University - School of Law

Date Written: March 18, 2007

Abstract

The disorienting effect of language finds illustration in the principle that arbitrators may rule on their own authority. Often expressed as Kompetenz-Kompetenz (literally “jurisdiction on jurisdiction”), the precept has been applied to questions such as who must arbitrate, what must be arbitrated, and which powers arbitrators may exercise. This much-vexed principle possesses a chameleon-like quality that changes color according to the national and institutional background of its application. Moreover, the basic rule that arbitrators may decide on their own jurisdiction says nothing about who (judge or arbitrator) ultimately decides a particular case. Rather, the rule states only that the question of “who decides what” may itself be addressed by an arbitrator. Every jurisdictional ruling by an arbitrator begs two further questions, one relating to timing and the other to finality: (i) when should judges intervene in the arbitral process to monitor possible jurisdictional excess? (ii) in what circumstances (if any) should an arbitrator’s decision on his or her authority be final? Asking the right questions permits attention to costs and benefits of each alternative, enhancing the economic cooperation that can be facilitated by arbitration.

Keywords: Arbitral Jurisdiction, Kompetenz-Kompetenz, Excess of Authority, Judicial Intervention, Award Finality, International Arbitration, Comparative Law

JEL Classification: K33

Suggested Citation

Park, William W., The Arbitrator's Jurisdiction to Determine Jurisdiction (March 18, 2007). 13 ICCA Congress Series 55 (Permanent Court of Arbitration, The Hague, 2007), Boston Univ. School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 17-33, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3019225

William W. Park (Contact Author)

Boston University - School of Law ( email )

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