Source and Use of Insecticide Treated Net and Malaria Prevalence in Ghana

18 Pages Posted: 22 Aug 2017

See all articles by Emmanuel Orkoh

Emmanuel Orkoh

North-West University

Samuel Kobina Annim

University of Cape Coast - Department of Economics; University of Manchester - Global Development Institute

Date Written: August 17, 2017

Abstract

This study contends that the achievement of the Global objective of reducing malaria prevalence through the scaling up of Insecticide Treated Nets (ITNs) is largely dependent on the extent of education incorporated into its distribution by the sources (distributors). The study categorises the sources into those that include some sort of education about how to use the nets and those that do not and examines the effect of these sources on the relationship between ITN use and malaria prevalence in Ghana. A recursive bivariate probit estimation technique that addresses endogeneity between ITN use and malaria prevalence was used to analyse data on 2,908 under-five children from the 2011 Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS). The descriptive results revealed that the proportion of ITN usage among children in households who acquired their ITNs from government, NGOs and Community Based Agents (CBAs) was higher than the proportion of usage among those who acquired their ITNs from private health centres, market, shops and street vendors that do not include education. The estimation shows that controlling for other socio-demographic factors, sleeping under ITN reduces the likelihood of experiencing malaria by 22 percent. Conclusion: Scaling up ITN distribution is not enough to ensure utilisation and the expected reduction in malaria prevalence unless the source includes education.

Keywords: Insecticide Treated Net, Malaria prevalence, children under-five, endogeneity, recursive bivariate probit

JEL Classification: I12, I15, I18

Suggested Citation

Orkoh, Emmanuel and Annim, Samuel Kobina, Source and Use of Insecticide Treated Net and Malaria Prevalence in Ghana (August 17, 2017). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3020694 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3020694

Emmanuel Orkoh (Contact Author)

North-West University ( email )

Potchefstroom campus
Faculty of Economic and Management Sciences
Potchefstroom, MI North-West 250
South Africa

Samuel Kobina Annim

University of Cape Coast - Department of Economics ( email )

Cape Coast
Ghana

University of Manchester - Global Development Institute

Humanities Bridgeford Street Building
Manchester, M13 9PL
United Kingdom

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
18
Abstract Views
233
PlumX Metrics