The Effect of Title IX on Gender Disparity in Graduate Education

44 Pages Posted: 22 Aug 2017 Last revised: 12 Feb 2019

See all articles by Nayoung Rim

Nayoung Rim

United States Naval Academy - Department of Economics; University of Chicago - Harris School of Public Policy

Date Written: February 2019

Abstract

This paper examines whether Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, which banned sex discrimination in admissions, was successful in reducing gender disparity in graduate education. I find a sharp convergence of female and male graduate-degree fields coincident with Title IX's passage. This distributional change occurred as women moved into male-dominated fields and does not seem to be driven by gender-specific preferences. Alternative explanations including the end of the Vietnam War Draft, increased access to the pill, abortion legalization, changing female attitudes, and the strengthening of anti-discrimination labor laws are also considered but do not explain the discontinuity.

Keywords: Title IX, gender inequality, education

JEL Classification: I24, J16, J18

Suggested Citation

Rim, Nayoung, The Effect of Title IX on Gender Disparity in Graduate Education (February 2019). AccessLex Institute Research Paper No. 18-05, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3020765 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3020765

Nayoung Rim (Contact Author)

United States Naval Academy - Department of Economics ( email )

589 McNair Road
Annapolis, MD 21402
United States

University of Chicago - Harris School of Public Policy ( email )

1155 East 60th Street
Chicago, IL 60637
United States

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