Fascism and Nasserism: Ideological Influence or Alternative Explanations?
29 Pages Posted: 24 Aug 2017
Date Written: August 18, 2017
This paper tries to investigate a claim presented in many scholarly works that leading figures in the Egyptian Nasserist regime (1954-1970) were ideologically influenced by Interwar European Fascism. It tries to undergo this investigation by pointing to the similarities in ideology and practice between the two movements and discussing other possible alternative explanations for why such similarities exist. Aspects of similarity were identified as: Extreme nationalism; militant orientation; non-traditional authoritarianism; animosity towards conservatism, liberalism, and communism. Alternative explanations other than Fascist influence on Nasserism included: influence of other ideologies/movements on Nasserism and/or the presence of common institutional and socioeconomic settings in pre 1952 Egypt and pre-Fascist Italy and Germany. These were formulated as hypothesis and investigated individually. The paper concludes that the probability of the presence of Fascist influence on Nasserism is relatively high; but complementing this with the presence of some common institutional and socioeconomic settings would provide a more powerful explanatory framework.
Keywords: Nasserism, Fascism, Ideology, Nationalism, Militancy, Authoritarianism, Socioeconomic factors, institutions
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