The Gendered Spillover Effect of Young Children's Health on Human Capital: Evidence from Turkey

38 Pages Posted: 21 Aug 2017 Last revised: 8 Sep 2017

See all articles by Marcella Alsan

Marcella Alsan

Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS)

Date Written: August 2017

Abstract

Recent policy debates on closing the education gender gap in developing countries have focused on cash transfers, but standard models of intrahousehold allocation imply that reducing the opportunity cost of girls' schooling might also be effective. I test this prediction using quasi-experimental variation from a national vaccination campaign targeting under-five children in Turkey. I find gains in health and human capital among age-eligible children of both sexes. However, educational spillover effects accrue exclusively to their adolescent, ineligible sisters. These spillover effects are increasing if the mother works outside the home and in the number of young children in the household, and are absent if an elder sister is present. My results suggest reducing morbidity among preschool children may have the added benefit of improving educational outcomes for their adolescent sisters in the developing world

Suggested Citation

Alsan, Marcella, The Gendered Spillover Effect of Young Children's Health on Human Capital: Evidence from Turkey (August 2017). NBER Working Paper No. w23702, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3023101

Marcella Alsan (Contact Author)

Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS) ( email )

79 John F. Kennedy Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Here is the Coronavirus
related research on SSRN

Paper statistics

Downloads
5
Abstract Views
112
PlumX Metrics