Flexicurity between Europeanization and Varieties of Capitalism? A Comparative Analysis of Employment Protection Reforms in Portugal and Greece

18 Pages Posted: 22 Aug 2017

Date Written: September 2017

Abstract

The article examines the adoption of Flexicurity principles in Portugal and Greece during 2006–2009. Despite the similar conditions between the two cases and common EU stimulus, the process and final outcomes in the reform of their employment protection systems differed. In Portugal, the government persevered and implemented a reform in line with Flexicurity principles. By contrast, the Greek government initially favoured Flexicurity and initiated a reform process of the legal framework; however the reform was halted. The article explains this divergence by combining the insights of Europeanization and Varieties of Capitalism literatures. It is argued that in cases of Mixed Market Economies, ‘misfit’ with EU stimuli is a necessary, but not sufficient condition for institutional change. Instead, reforms depend on union structure and the existence of policy entrepreneurs favouring reform, which explains the divergent reform paths.

Keywords: Employment protection, Europeanization, flexicurity, varieties of capitalism, mixed market economies

Suggested Citation

Zartaloudis, Sotirios and Kornelakis, Andreas, Flexicurity between Europeanization and Varieties of Capitalism? A Comparative Analysis of Employment Protection Reforms in Portugal and Greece (September 2017). JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studies, Vol. 55, Issue 5, pp. 1144-1161, 2017. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3023632 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jcms.12533

Sotirios Zartaloudis (Contact Author)

European Institute, LSE ( email )

Houghton Street
London WC2A 2AE
United Kingdom

Andreas Kornelakis

King's College London ( email )

London
United Kingdom

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