Funders-of-Last-Resort: Legal Issues Involved in Using Central Bank Balance Sheets to Bolster Economic Growth
Economic Affairs vol 40, Issue 3, 2020 (for first part) and Journal of Central Banking Theory and Practice, 2021, 1, pp. 5-38 (for last part)
96 Pages Posted: 24 Aug 2017 Last revised: 23 Sep 2021
Date Written: August 22, 2017
What role does unconventional monetary policy – and particularly unconventional policies like private asset purchases under a quantitative easing or lender of last resort scheme – play in influencing economic growth directly? Emerging and developing countries’ central banks could contribute to GDP growth by following the example of jurisdiction like the US, UK and EU, by buying private sector and specific obligation public sector assets. Such a scheme would like most benefit jurisdictions like Greece, Bulgaria, Ukraine and others. Unsurprisingly, we find a weak relationship between these purchases and investment world-wide for the last 10 years. We also find the existence of a “sloth effect” – a pattern in the data whereby more central bank asset purchases actually coincides with lower investment. We estimate the gains to increasing central bank balance sheet sizes with these assets. We also show how statutory mandate for nominal GDP targeting set the best legal foundations for such asset purchases. We finally describe an internal audit engagement which would collect the specific data needed to verify the results in this study.
Keywords: funder of last resort, unconventional monetary policy, central bank balance sheet, nominal GDP targeting, internal audit, sloth effect
JEL Classification: E58, E42, K23, O23
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation