The Adequacy of Competition Policy for Cryptocurrency Markets

38 Pages Posted: 28 Aug 2017

Date Written: August 24, 2017


Several cryptocurrencies are now circulating in the economy. Many have significant market value measured in national currencies. The intention behind most of these currencies is to replace or supplement the traditional payment system based on national currencies. Cryptocurrencies can potentially obtain a significant role in the payment system. However, the presence of cryptocurrencies raises several public policy concerns. This paper addresses competition policy. It discusses as to whether traditional competition policy instruments such as antitrust and regulation are adequate to address competition policy concerns. It is found that traditional competition policy instruments are inadequate. Direct participation by the public in the form of central bank digital currencies may be an adequate remedy. The relationship between competition policy and other relevant policies for the cryptocurrency markets is also discussed.

Keywords: Antitrust law, Competition policy, Cryptocurrencies, Regulation, Monetary theory

JEL Classification: E42, E51, G28, K21, K23, L12, L13

Suggested Citation

Østbye, Peder, The Adequacy of Competition Policy for Cryptocurrency Markets (August 24, 2017). Available at SSRN: or

Peder Østbye (Contact Author)

Norges Bank ( email )

P.O. Box 1179
Oslo, N-0107

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