Estimating Healthy Life Expectancy: A Province-by-Province Study for China

ARC Centre of Excellence in Population Ageing Research (CEPAR) Working Paper No. 2017/14

26 Pages Posted: 31 Aug 2017

See all articles by Han Li

Han Li

University of New South Wales - ARC Centre of Excellence in Population Ageing Research (CEPAR)

Katja Hanewald

UNSW Sydney - School of Risk & Actuarial Studies and ARC Centre of Excellence in Population Ageing Research (CEPAR)

Shang Wu

University of New South Wales (UNSW) - ARC Centre of Excellence in Population Ageing Research (CEPAR)

Date Written: August 25, 2017

Abstract

With rapid economic growth and medical advances, longevity and health in China have been continuously improving in recent decades. However, health inequalities across Chinese provinces are still large. In this paper, we provide a province-by-province analysis of healthy life expectancy at birth for China. We develop a predictive multiple regression model utilizing information on life expectancy, health and socio-economic factors to estimate healthy life expectancy for Chinese provinces. Unlike the standard Sullivan method, the model we propose does not require data on ill-health prevalence rates which are not publicly available for each province. The model is estimated using data from the Global Burden of Disease Study for life expectancy and healthy life expectancy at birth for 139 countries in the years 1990, 2005 and 2013. We assess the predictive ability of the fitted model using appropriate hold-out samples and conclude that the model has good out-of-sample performance. Based on the proposed model, we provide estimates of healthy life expectancy at birth in 2015 for 31 provincial-level regions in China for both males and females. We then discuss the implications of our results for the design of public policies and the development of insurance and banking products in China.

Keywords: Healthy life expectancy, Predictive regression modeling, Health inequality, China

JEL Classification: J11, C53

Suggested Citation

Li, Han and Hanewald, Katja and Wu, Shang, Estimating Healthy Life Expectancy: A Province-by-Province Study for China (August 25, 2017). ARC Centre of Excellence in Population Ageing Research (CEPAR) Working Paper No. 2017/14. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3027825 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3027825

Han Li

University of New South Wales - ARC Centre of Excellence in Population Ageing Research (CEPAR) ( email )

Level 6, Central Lobby (enter via East Lobby)
Australian School of Business Building
Sydney, New South Wales NSW 2052
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Katja Hanewald (Contact Author)

UNSW Sydney - School of Risk & Actuarial Studies and ARC Centre of Excellence in Population Ageing Research (CEPAR) ( email )

School of Risk & Actuarial Studies
UNSW Sydney
Sydney, New South Wales NSW 2052
Australia

Shang Wu

University of New South Wales (UNSW) - ARC Centre of Excellence in Population Ageing Research (CEPAR) ( email )

Level 6, Central Lobby (enter via East Lobby)
Australian School of Business Building
Sydney, New South Wales NSW 2052
Australia

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