Types of Multi-Level Governance

European Integration online Papers (EIoP), Vol. 5, No. 11, October 12, 2001

32 Pages Posted: 13 Mar 2002

See all articles by Liesbet Hooghe

Liesbet Hooghe

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Political Science Department

Gary Marks

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Political Science Department

Abstract

The reallocation of authority upwards, downwards, and sideways from central states has drawn attention from a growing number of scholars in the social sciences. Yet beyond the bedrock agreement that governance has become (and should be) multi-level, there is no convergence about how it should be organized. This paper draws on various literatures in distinguishing two types of multi-level governance. One type conceives of dispersion of authority to multi-task, territorially mutually exclusive jurisdictions in a relatively stable system with limited jurisdictional levels and a limited number of units. A second type of governance pictures specialized, territorially overlapping jurisdictions in a relatively flexible, non-tiered system with a large number of jurisdictions. We find that both types co-exist in different locations, and we explain some facets of this co-existence.

Keywords: European integration, constitutional change, differentiated integration, europeanization, federalism, fiscal federalism, governance, identity, international relations, joint decision making, multilevel governance, neo-institutionalism, path dependence, regions, state building, political science

Suggested Citation

Hooghe, Liesbet and Marks, Gary, Types of Multi-Level Governance. European Integration online Papers (EIoP), Vol. 5, No. 11, October 12, 2001. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=302786 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.302786

Liesbet Hooghe (Contact Author)

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Political Science Department ( email )

Chapel Hill, NC 27599
United States

Gary Marks

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Political Science Department ( email )

Chapel Hill, NC 27599
United States

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