Institutions, Gender, and Entrepreneurship in Latin America

Urbano, D., Aparicio, S., & Noguera, M. (2017). Institutions, Gender, and Entrepreneurship in Latin America. In: Evolving Entrepreneurial Strategies for Self-Sustainability in Vulnerable American Communities. Ed: Luis Javier Sanchez-Barrios, Liyis Gomez-Nunez (pp. 19-41). Hershey: IGI Global.

Posted: 31 Aug 2017

See all articles by David Urbano

David Urbano

Autonomous University of Barcelona

Sebastian Aparicio

Autonomous University of Barcelona; Fundación ECSIM Centro de Estudios en Economía Sistémica

María Noguera

Autonomous University of Barcelona

Date Written: August 28, 2017

Abstract

This chapter seeks to explore the institutional effects on the probability of becoming an entrepreneur, for both women and men, among a low-income level population, in the context of Latin American countries. By using institutional economics, it is hypothesized that personal autonomy, membership of an art or music organization, membership of a religious organization, and secondary educational environment have a positive effect on the probability of becoming self-employed, for both female and male. The World Values Survey (at individual level) and the World Development Indicators (at country level) provide the main information to empirically assess the influence of institutions on low-income self-employment. The findings from probit models suggest that personal autonomy, membership of an art or music organization, and secondary educational environment are factors defining the context in which women and men become entrepreneurs. Public strategies regarding gender equality are discussed.

Keywords: Institutions, Entrepreneurial Activity, Female Entrepreneurship, Latin America, Low-Income Population

JEL Classification: B52, L26, M13, O17, O40

Suggested Citation

Urbano, David and Aparicio, Sebastian and Noguera, María, Institutions, Gender, and Entrepreneurship in Latin America (August 28, 2017). Urbano, D., Aparicio, S., & Noguera, M. (2017). Institutions, Gender, and Entrepreneurship in Latin America. In: Evolving Entrepreneurial Strategies for Self-Sustainability in Vulnerable American Communities. Ed: Luis Javier Sanchez-Barrios, Liyis Gomez-Nunez (pp. 19-41). Hershey: IGI Global., Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3027944

David Urbano

Autonomous University of Barcelona ( email )

Edifici B, Campus UAB
Bellaterra, Barcelona 08193
Spain
34935811209 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.davidurbano.eu

Sebastian Aparicio (Contact Author)

Autonomous University of Barcelona ( email )

Plaça Cívica
Cerdañola del Valles
Barcelona, Barcelona 08193
Spain

HOME PAGE: http://idem.uab.cat

Fundación ECSIM Centro de Estudios en Economía Sistémica ( email )

Cr. 43 A # 6 sur – 26, of. 423-424-425
Medellín, Antioquia
Colombia

HOME PAGE: http://www.ecsim.org

María Noguera

Autonomous University of Barcelona ( email )

Plaça Cívica
Cerdañola del Valles
Barcelona, Barcelona 08193
Spain

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