25 Years of Quota Laws in Latin America

Sur, Vol. 13, No. 24, 2016

8 Pages Posted: 31 Aug 2017  

Lucía Martelotte

Universidad Nacional de San Martín (UNSAM)

Date Written: December 10, 2016


In the last two decades, the majority of Latin American countries approved quota laws with the goal of reducing gender inequalities in the political arena and guaranteeing the effective fulfilment of women's political rights. The functioning and effectiveness of these mechanisms vary according to the design of the regulations and their linkages to the electoral system. In spite of advances, important challenges remain. In light of this, the debate on the political participation of women has evolved from quotas to parity. However, the discussion must not be approached from a purely numeric perspective or restricted to the public sphere; other dimensions of women's autonomy (physical and economic) must be taken into account. It is only once the conditions necessary for women to exercise their full autonomy are in place that achieving gender parity in democracy will be possible.

Keywords: Political participation, Gender equality, Quota laws, Parity

Suggested Citation

Martelotte, Lucía, 25 Years of Quota Laws in Latin America (December 10, 2016). Sur, Vol. 13, No. 24, 2016. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3028207

Lucía Martelotte (Contact Author)

Universidad Nacional de San Martín (UNSAM) ( email )

25 de Mayo y Francia
San Martín, Buenos Aires

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