The Evolution of Intellectual Property Strategy in Innovation Ecosystems: Uncovering Complementary and Substitute Appropriability Regimes

Long Range Planning, Forthcoming

42 Pages Posted: 1 Sep 2017

See all articles by Marcus Holgersson

Marcus Holgersson

Chalmers University of Technology

Ove Granstrand

Chalmers University of Technology

Marcel Bogers

Eindhoven University of Technology; University of Copenhagen; University of California, Berkeley

Date Written: August 30, 2017

Abstract

In this article, we attempt to extend and nuance the debate on intellectual property (IP) strategy, appropriation, and open innovation in dynamic and systemic innovation contexts. We present the case of four generations of mobile telecommunications systems (covering the period 1980-2015), and describe and analyze the co-evolution of strategic IP management and innovation ecosystems. Throughout this development, technologies and technological relationships were governed with different and shifting degrees of formality. Simultaneously, firms differentiated technology accessibility across actors and technologies to benefit from openness and appropriation of innovation. Our analysis shows that the discussion of competitiveness and appropriability needs to be expanded from the focal appropriability regime and complementary assets to the larger context of the innovation ecosystem and its cooperative and competitive actor relations, with dispersed complementary and substitute assets and technologies. Consequently, the shaping of complementary and substitute appropriability regimes is central when strategizing in dynamic and systemic innovation contexts. This holds important implications for the management of open innovation, innovation ecosystems, platforms, and coopetition.

Keywords: Appropriation, Innovation Ecosystem, Intellectual Property Right, Litigation, Open Innovation, Patent, Technology Licensing

Suggested Citation

Holgersson, Marcus and Granstrand, Ove and Bogers, Marcel, The Evolution of Intellectual Property Strategy in Innovation Ecosystems: Uncovering Complementary and Substitute Appropriability Regimes (August 30, 2017). Long Range Planning, Forthcoming, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3029228

Marcus Holgersson

Chalmers University of Technology ( email )

Vera Sandbergs Alle 8
Gothenburg, SE-41296
Sweden
+46-739431121 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.ip-research.org

Ove Granstrand

Chalmers University of Technology ( email )

Gothenburg
SE-412 96 Goteborg
Sweden

Marcel Bogers (Contact Author)

Eindhoven University of Technology

Den Dolech 2
Eindhoven, North Brabant 5612 AZ
Netherlands

HOME PAGE: http://www.tue.nl

University of Copenhagen ( email )

Department of Food and Resource Economics (IFRO)
Rolighedsvej 23
Copenhagen, 1958
Denmark

University of California, Berkeley

Garwood Center for Corporate Innovation
F402 Hass School of Business, #1930
Berkeley, CA 94720
United States

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