Local Public Service Provision and Spatial Inequality in Chinese Cities: The Role of Residential Income Sorting and Land‐Use Conditions

21 Pages Posted: 6 Sep 2017

See all articles by Weizeng Sun

Weizeng Sun

Tsinghua University

Yuming Fu

National University of Singapore

Siqi Zheng

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Center for Real Estate; Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Department of Urban Studies & Planning; Hang Lung Center for Real Estate, Tsinghua University

Date Written: September 2017

Abstract

Spatial inequality refers to unequal access to local public services between high‐ and low‐income households in relation to their residential locations. We examine two hypotheses regarding the role of income sorting and land‐use conditions in shaping spatial inequality in Chinese cities, where residents have little direct influence on local public service provision. First, in the presence of resource indivisibility, travel cost, and location‐based rationing, scarcity of public‐service resources in a city makes access to public services more uneven across neighborhoods, thus exacerbating income sorting and spatial inequality in the city. Second, the exacerbating effect of resource scarcity is mitigated by land‐use conditions that limit income sorting. Estimates of willingness to pay by households of different income levels for public‐service resources across cities corroborate both the exacerbating effect of resource scarcity and the mitigating effect of inclusive land‐use conditions.

Suggested Citation

Sun, Weizeng and Fu, Yuming and Zheng, Siqi, Local Public Service Provision and Spatial Inequality in Chinese Cities: The Role of Residential Income Sorting and Land‐Use Conditions (September 2017). Journal of Regional Science, Vol. 57, Issue 4, pp. 547-567, 2017, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3031036 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jors.12307

Weizeng Sun (Contact Author)

Tsinghua University ( email )

No Address Available

Yuming Fu

National University of Singapore ( email )

4 Architecture Drive
Department of Real Estate
Singapore, 117566
Singapore
(65) 6874 7100 (Phone)
(65) 6774 8684 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://profile.nus.edu.sg/sde/rstfuym

Siqi Zheng

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Center for Real Estate ( email )

Building 9-323
Cambridge, MA 02139
United States

HOME PAGE: http://https://siqizheng.mit.edu/

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Department of Urban Studies & Planning ( email )

77 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02139
United States

Hang Lung Center for Real Estate, Tsinghua University ( email )

HeShanHeng Building
Beijing, 100084
China

HOME PAGE: http://https://siqizheng.mit.edu/

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