The Criminal Population in New England: Records, Convictions, and Barriers to Employment

24 Pages Posted: 7 Sep 2017

See all articles by Robert Clifford

Robert Clifford

Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Boston

Riley Sullivan

Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Boston

Date Written: 2017-03-01

Abstract

The portion of the U.S. population with a criminal record has been receiving mounting attention in recent years. While there is a significant amount of data about the criminal population under supervision, there is very limited linked data identifying how most individuals move through the criminal justice system. By analyzing multiple national and state data sources, this report aims to identify the size of the New England population with a criminal record and to describe the broad demographic characteristics of this population. The report illustrates that the size of the population in the region with a criminal record is significant: in 2014 there are 5.3 million individuals in criminal record databases in New England. Young men between 20 and 24 years of age account for a disproportionate number of arrests and convictions in New England, and most individuals with a criminal record committed a misdemeanor, not a felony. The report illustrates that the region's mid-sized cities often host a disproportionately larger share of ex-offenders. The report discusses the need for more complete and coordinated data systems that can accurately examine flows through the criminal justice system and the outcomes of all ex-offenders.

Suggested Citation

Clifford, Robert and Sullivan, Riley, The Criminal Population in New England: Records, Convictions, and Barriers to Employment (2017-03-01). New England Public Policy Center Policy Reports Paper No. 17-1, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3031188

Robert Clifford (Contact Author)

Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Boston ( email )

600 Atlantic Avenue
Boston, MA 02210
United States

Riley Sullivan

Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Boston ( email )

600 Atlantic Avenue
Boston, MA 02210
United States

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