Digital Vulnerability and Local Performance of Firms in Developing and Transition Countries

33 Pages Posted: 8 Sep 2017 Last revised: 2 Jun 2019

See all articles by Joel Cariolle

Joel Cariolle

Fondation pour les etudes et recherches sur le développement international (Ferdi)

Maëlan Le Goff

Banque de France

Olivier Santoni

Fondation pour les etudes et recherches sur le développement international (Ferdi)

Date Written: April 20, 2019

Abstract

We estimate the impact of Internet diffusion on local firm performance in developing and transition economies, by adopting an instrumental variable approach reflecting firm’s vulnerability to seismic shocks upon the telecommunications submarine cable (SMC) network. IV within fixed-effect estimations are conducted at the location-level, based on an original sample of some 30,000 firms from 125 locations in around 40 developing and transition countries. Results point to large and positive local impacts of a greater Internet diffusion among firms, induced by lower digital vulnerability, on their average revenue, labour productivity, and employment. These impacts are found to be larger for domestic SMEs, and partly driven by service firms. Moreover, a greater use of Internet is found to increase the number of production workers more than non-production workers in manufactures. This difference seems mostly explained by the large positive effect of internet use on the unskilled production workforce.

Keywords: NICT, Submarine cables, infrastructures, telecommunications, firm performance

JEL Classification: F02, O11, O33, O18, L25, L96

Suggested Citation

Cariolle, Joël and Le Goff, Maëlan and Santoni, Olivier, Digital Vulnerability and Local Performance of Firms in Developing and Transition Countries (April 20, 2019). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3032902 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3032902

Joël Cariolle (Contact Author)

Fondation pour les etudes et recherches sur le développement international (Ferdi) ( email )

63, boulevard François-Mitterrand
Clermont-Ferrand, 63000
France
+33473177542 (Phone)

Maëlan Le Goff

Banque de France ( email )

Paris
France

Olivier Santoni

Fondation pour les etudes et recherches sur le développement international (Ferdi) ( email )

63 boulevard François Mitterrand
Clermont-Ferrand, 63000
France

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