Not Welcome Anymore: The Effect of Electoral Incentives on the Reception of Refugees
66 Pages Posted: 13 Sep 2017 Last revised: 11 Aug 2022
Date Written: August 10, 2022
Do electoral incentives affect immigration policies? Exploiting the Italian system for refugees’ reception and data from Italian municipalities, we show that proximity to elections reduces the probability that a municipality applies to host a refugee center by 26%, despite the economic benefits arising from these centers. Low electoral competition and high shares of extreme-right voters drive the effect. Our results are rationalized by a theoretical model and can explain the unequal distribution of refugees across and within countries.
Keywords: Migration, reception of refugees, electoral incentives, fiscal grants
JEL Classification: R23, J61, D72, C23
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation