Exploring the Racial Gap in Infant Mortality Rates, 1920-1970
57 Pages Posted: 8 Mar 2002 Last revised: 26 Oct 2010
Date Written: March 2002
This paper examines the racial gap in infant mortality rates from 1920 to 1970. Using state-level panel data with information on income, urbanization, women's education, and physicians per capita, we can account for a large portion of the racial gap in infant mortality rates between 1920 and 1945, but a smaller portion thereafter. We re-examine the post-war period in light of trends in birth weight, smoking, air pollution, breast-feeding, insurance, and hospital births.
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