Employment Outcomes Among Men and Women with Disabilities: How the Intersection of Gender and Disability Status Shapes Labor Market Inequality

David Pettinicchio, Michelle Maroto, "Employment Outcomes Among Men and Women with Disabilities: How the Intersection of Gender and Disability Status Shapes Labor Market Inequality" In Research in Social Science and Disability, Volume 10, 3-33

31 Pages Posted: 13 Sep 2017

See all articles by David Pettinicchio

David Pettinicchio

University of Toronto

Michelle Maroto

University of Alberta - Department of Sociology

Date Written: September 11, 2017

Abstract

This chapter assesses how gender and disability status intersect to shape employment and earnings outcomes for working-age adults in the United States. The research pools five years of data from the 2010-2015 Current Population Survey to compare employment and earnings outcomes for men and women with different types of physical and cognitive disabilities to those who specifically report work-limiting disabilities. The findings show that people with different types of limitations, including those not specific to work, experienced large disparities in employment and earnings and these outcomes also varied for men and women. The multiplicative effects of gender and disability on labor market outcomes led to a hierarchy of disadvantage where women with cognitive or multiple disabilities experienced the lowest employment rates and earnings levels. However, within groups, disability presented the strongest negative effects for men, which created a smaller gender wage gap among people with disabilities. This chapter provides quantitative evidence for the multiplicative effects of gender and disability status on employment and earnings. It further extends an intersectional framework by highlighting the gendered aspects of the ways in which different disabilities shape labor market inequalities. Considering multiple intersecting statuses demonstrates how the interaction between disability type and gender produce distinct labor market outcomes.

Keywords: disability; gender; intersectionality; labor market inequality

Suggested Citation

Pettinicchio, David and Maroto, Michelle, Employment Outcomes Among Men and Women with Disabilities: How the Intersection of Gender and Disability Status Shapes Labor Market Inequality (September 11, 2017). David Pettinicchio, Michelle Maroto, "Employment Outcomes Among Men and Women with Disabilities: How the Intersection of Gender and Disability Status Shapes Labor Market Inequality" In Research in Social Science and Disability, Volume 10, 3-33. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3035611

David Pettinicchio (Contact Author)

University of Toronto ( email )

Sociology
725 Spadina
Toronto, Ontario M5S 2J4
Canada

Michelle Maroto

University of Alberta - Department of Sociology ( email )

5-21 HM Tory Building
Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2H4
Canada

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Downloads
48
Abstract Views
264
PlumX Metrics