Capital Structure and a Firm's Workforce
Annual Review of Financial Economics, Forthcoming
50 Pages Posted: 18 Sep 2017 Last revised: 5 Oct 2018
Date Written: September 2018
While businesses require funding to start and grow, they also rely on human capital, which affects how they raise funds. Labor market frictions make financing labor different than financing capital. Unlike capital, labor cannot be owned and can act strategically. Workers face unemployment costs, can negotiate for higher wages, are protected by employment regulations, and face retirement risk. I propose using these frictions as a framework for understanding the unique impact of a firm’s workforce on its capital structure. For instance, high leverage often makes managing labor more difficult by undermining employees’ job security and increasing the need for costly workforce reductions. But firms can also use leverage to their advantage, such as in labor negotiations and defined benefit pensions. This research can help firms account for the needs and management of their workforce when making financing decisions.
Keywords: leverage, corporate debt, unemployment, labor bargaining, employment protection, pensions
JEL Classification: G32, J31, J32, J33, J38, J51, J52, J63, J65, J68, M51, M52
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation