Oil Prices and Inflation Dynamics: Evidence from Advanced and Developing Economies

56 Pages Posted: 14 Sep 2017

See all articles by Sangyup Choi

Sangyup Choi

Yonsei University

Davide Furceri

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

Prakash Loungani

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

Saurabh Mishra

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

Marcos Poplawski-Ribeiro

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

Date Written: September 2017

Abstract

We study the impact of fluctuations in global oil prices on domestic inflation using an unbalanced panel of 72 advanced and developing economies over the period from 1970 to 2015. We find that a 10 percent increase in global oil inflation increases, on average, domestic inflation by about 0.4 percentage point on impact, with the effect vanishing after two years and being similar between advanced and developing economies. We also find that the effect is asymmetric, with positive oil price shocks having a larger effect than negative ones. The impact of oil price shocks, however, has declined over time due in large part to a better conduct of monetary policy. We further examine the transmission channels of oil price shocks on domestic inflation during the recent decades, by making use of a monthly dataset from 2000 to 2015. The results suggest that the share of transport in the CPI basket and energy subsidies are the most robust factors in explaining cross-country variations in the effects of oil price shocks during the this period.

Keywords: Monetary policy, JEL Classification Numbers: E31, E37, Q43 Keywords: oil price shocks, inflation pass-through, local projections, oil price shocks, Forecasting and Simulation, Energy and the Macroeconomy, Q43, Keywords: oil price shocks

JEL Classification: E31, E37, Q43

Suggested Citation

Choi, Sangyup and Furceri, Davide and Loungani, Prakash and Mishra, Saurabh and Poplawski-Ribeiro, Marcos, Oil Prices and Inflation Dynamics: Evidence from Advanced and Developing Economies (September 2017). IMF Working Paper No. 17/196. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3036910

Sangyup Choi (Contact Author)

Yonsei University ( email )

Seoul
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

Davide Furceri

International Monetary Fund (IMF) ( email )

700 19th Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20431
United States

Prakash Loungani

International Monetary Fund (IMF) ( email )

700 19th Street NW
Washington, DC 20431
United States
202-623-7043 (Phone)
202-623-4740 (Fax)

Saurabh Mishra

International Monetary Fund (IMF) ( email )

700 19th Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20431
United States

Marcos Poplawski-Ribeiro

International Monetary Fund (IMF) ( email )

700 19th Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20431
United States

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