International Law and Lions (Panthera Leo): Understanding and Improving the Contribution of Wildlife Treaties to the Conservation and Sustainable Use of an Iconic Carnivore

12(21) Nature Conservation, 2017, 83-128

46 Pages Posted: 19 Sep 2017

See all articles by Arie Trouwborst

Arie Trouwborst

Tilburg University - Department of European & International Public Law; Tilburg Sustainability Center

Melissa Lewis

Tilburg University - Department of European & International Public Law

Dawn Burnham

University of Oxford - Wildlife Conservation Research Unit

Amy Dickman

University of Oxford - Wildlife Conservation Research Unit

Amy Hinks

University of Oxford - Wildlife Conservation Research Unit

Timothy Hodgetts

University of Oxford - Wildlife Conservation Research Unit

Ewan Macdonald

University of Oxford - Wildlife Conservation Research Unit

David Macdonald

University of Oxford - Wildlife Conservation Research Unit

Date Written: September 13, 2017

Abstract

The lion (Panthera leo) is featuring ever more prominently on the agendas of international wildlife treaties like the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) and the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS). Lion range and numbers have declined markedly over the last two decades. In this review we assess the present role of international wildlife treaties with a view to improving their combined contribution to the conservation and sustainable use of lions. Our analysis identifies a substantial body of relevant international wildlife law and, moreover, a significant potential for enhancing the contribution to lion conservation of these global and regional treaties. The time is right to invest in such improvements, and our review renders a range of general and treaty-specific recommendations for doing so, including making full use of the Ramsar Wetlands Convention, World Heritage Convention and transboundary conservation area (TFCA) treaties for lion conservation. The CMS holds particular potential in this regard and our analysis provides strong support for listing the lion in its Appendices.

Keywords: Lion, Carnivores, International law, CMS, CITES, Ramsar Convention, World Heritage Convention, Biodiversity, Wildlife

Suggested Citation

Trouwborst, Arie and Lewis, Melissa and Burnham, Dawn and Dickman, Amy and Hinks, Amy and Hodgetts, Timothy and Macdonald, Ewan and Macdonald, David, International Law and Lions (Panthera Leo): Understanding and Improving the Contribution of Wildlife Treaties to the Conservation and Sustainable Use of an Iconic Carnivore (September 13, 2017). 12(21) Nature Conservation, 2017, 83-128, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3037388

Arie Trouwborst (Contact Author)

Tilburg University - Department of European & International Public Law ( email )

Tilburg, 5000 LE
Netherlands

Tilburg Sustainability Center ( email )

P.O. Box 90153
Tilburg, North Brabant 5000 LE
Netherlands

Melissa Lewis

Tilburg University - Department of European & International Public Law ( email )

Tilburg, 5000 LE
Netherlands

Dawn Burnham

University of Oxford - Wildlife Conservation Research Unit ( email )

Oxford, OX13 5QL
United Kingdom

Amy Dickman

University of Oxford - Wildlife Conservation Research Unit ( email )

Oxford, OX13 5QL
United Kingdom

Amy Hinks

University of Oxford - Wildlife Conservation Research Unit ( email )

Oxford, OX13 5QL
United Kingdom

Timothy Hodgetts

University of Oxford - Wildlife Conservation Research Unit ( email )

Oxford, OX13 5QL
United Kingdom

Ewan Macdonald

University of Oxford - Wildlife Conservation Research Unit ( email )

Oxford, OX13 5QL
United Kingdom

David Macdonald

University of Oxford - Wildlife Conservation Research Unit ( email )

Oxford, OX13 5QL
United Kingdom

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