The Short- and Long-Term Effects of Student Absence: Evidence from Sweden

73 Pages Posted: 18 Sep 2017

See all articles by Sarah Cattan

Sarah Cattan

Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS)

Daniel Kamhöfer

University of Duisburg-Essen

Martin Karlsson

University of Duisburg-Essen

Therese Nilsson

Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN); Lund University - Department of Economics

Abstract

Instructional time is seen as an important determinant of school performance, but little is known about the effects of student absence. Combining historical records and administrative data for Swedish individuals born in the 1930s, we examine the impacts of absence in elementary school on short-term academic performance and long-term socio-economic outcomes. Our siblings and individual fixed effects estimates suggest absence has a moderate adverse effect on academic performance. The detrimental effect fades out over time. While absence negatively correlates with final education, income and longevity, we only find robust evidence that it lowers the probability of employment at age 25–30.

Keywords: absence in school, educational performance, long-term effects, register data

JEL Classification: C23, I14, I21, I26

Suggested Citation

Cattan, Sarah and Kamhöfer, Daniel and Karlsson, Martin and Nilsson, Therese, The Short- and Long-Term Effects of Student Absence: Evidence from Sweden. IZA Discussion Paper No. 10995, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3037901

Sarah Cattan (Contact Author)

Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS) ( email )

7 Ridgmount Street
London, WC1E 7AE
United Kingdom

Daniel Kamhöfer

University of Duisburg-Essen ( email )

Lotharstrasse 1
Duisburg, 47048
Germany

Martin Karlsson

University of Duisburg-Essen ( email )

Therese Nilsson

Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN) ( email )

Box 55665
Grevgatan 34, 2nd floor
Stockholm, SE-102 15
Sweden

Lund University - Department of Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 7082
S-220 07 Lund
Sweden
+46 46 222 46 43 (Phone)

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