Serendipity Arrangements for Exapting Science-Based Innovations

Academy of Management Perspectives, doi:10.5465/amp.2016.0138 Forthcoming

University of Alberta School of Business Research Paper No. 3038983

43 Pages Posted: 20 Sep 2017

See all articles by Raghu Garud

Raghu Garud

Pennsylvania State University

Joel Gehman

University of Alberta - Department of Strategic Management and Organization

Antonio Giuliani

IÉSEG School of Management; University of Illinois at Chicago - Department of Managerial Studies

Date Written: August 28, 2017

Abstract

Extant literature draws attention to the importance of science-push, demand-pull, and institutional-steering as mechanisms driving science-based innovations. We contribute to this literature by highlighting exaptation, which refers to the cooptation of existing traits for new functions. When applied to science-based innovations, exaptation refers to the emergence of functionalities for scientific discoveries, which were unanticipated ex ante. We explore how exaptation can be induced through narrative properties (relationality, temporality, and performativity), and how serendipity arrangements such as exaptive pools, exaptive events, and exaptive forums can be structured to maintain, activate and contextualize scientific discoveries. We close the paper by discussing the implications of exaptation for academia, industry, and policy.

Keywords: exaptation, serendipity arrangements, science-based innovation

JEL Classification: D90, O31, O32, O33, M14

Suggested Citation

Garud, Raghu and Gehman, Joel and Giuliani, Antonio, Serendipity Arrangements for Exapting Science-Based Innovations (August 28, 2017). Academy of Management Perspectives, doi:10.5465/amp.2016.0138 Forthcoming; University of Alberta School of Business Research Paper No. 3038983. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3038983

Raghu Garud

Pennsylvania State University ( email )

431 Business Bulding
Pennsylvania State University
State College, PA 16803
United States

Joel Gehman (Contact Author)

University of Alberta - Department of Strategic Management and Organization ( email )

Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2R6
Canada
(780) 248-5855 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.joelgehman.com

Antonio Giuliani

IÉSEG School of Management ( email )

Socle de la Grande Arche
1 Parvis de la Defense
Puteaux, Paris 92800
France

University of Illinois at Chicago - Department of Managerial Studies ( email )

601 S. Morgan St. (M/C 243)
University Hall 2203
Chicago, IL 60607-7122
United States

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