Shareholder Conflicts and Dividends
Review of Finance 22, 2018, 1807-1840.
50 Pages Posted: 21 Sep 2017 Last revised: 29 Oct 2018
Date Written: September 12, 2017
We examine how dividend policy is used to mitigate potential conflicts of interest between majority and minority shareholders in private Norwegian firms. The average payout is 50% higher if the majority shareholder’s equity stake is 55% (high conflict potential) rather than 95% (low conflict potential). Such minority-friendly payout is also associated with higher subsequent minority shareholder investment. These results suggest that controlling shareholders voluntarily use dividends to reduce agency conflicts and build trust, rather than opportunistically preferring private benefits to dividends. We show that our results are unlikely to arise from liquidity or signaling motives.
Keywords: Corporate Governance, Ownership, Minority Shareholders, Dividends
JEL Classification: G32, G35
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation