The Effects of the Shortage of Judges in Israel

16 Pages Posted: 17 Oct 2017 Last revised: 26 Jan 2018

See all articles by Limor Zer-Gutman

Limor Zer-Gutman

College of Management (Israel) - School of Law

Date Written: September 20, 2017

Abstract

English Abstract: In Israel the shortage of judges that has worsened over the years has led to a serious deterioration in the operation of Israel's judicial system. The article is ascertaining the intensity of the shortage by using international comparisons and comparing the rate of growth in the number of judges with the rate of growth of the general population. The article further describes the three main areas affected by the shortage. The first area is the judicial system itself where the shortage is the primary determinant of the delay and what the public often perceives as procrastination plaguing Israeli courts. Second area affected is due process - the shortage has led, in tandem with other factors, to inefficiency in the judicial system, compelling it, most prominently in the last decade or so, to be "innovative," that is, introduce procedures devoid of any legal footing. Third area affected are judges themselves.

Spanish Abstract: En Israel, la escasez de jueces, que se ha agravado con los años, ha provocado un grave deterioro de la operatividad del sistema judicial israelí. Este artículo corrobora la intensidad de esa escasez utilizando comparaciones internacionales y estableciendo un parangón entre el ritmo en el aumento del número de jueces y el ritmo del crecimiento de la población. Además, el artículo describe las tres áreas principales afectadas por la escasez. La primera es el propio sistema judicial, ya que la escasez es el determinante principal del retraso judicial y de lo que el público a menudo percibe como la procrastinación que invade los juzgados israelíes. La segunda área es el proceso legal debido –la escasez, junto con otros factores, ha provocado la ineficiencia del sistema judicial, empujándolo, sobre todo en la última década, a ser cada vez más "innovador", esto es, a introducir procedimientos carentes de base jurídica alguna. La tercera área afectada son los propios jueces.

Keywords: Judiciary in Israel, Number of judges, Due Process, Settlement Judging, Poder judicial de Israel, número de jueces, proceso legal debido, juicios de conciliación

Suggested Citation

Zer-Gutman, Limor, The Effects of the Shortage of Judges in Israel (September 20, 2017). Oñati Socio-Legal Series, Vol. 7, No. 4, 2017, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3039979

Limor Zer-Gutman (Contact Author)

College of Management (Israel) - School of Law ( email )

7 Yitzhak Rabin Blvd.
P.O. Box 25072
Rishon LeZion, 75190
Israel

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