Business Cycle Synchronisation in a Currency Union: Taking Stock of the Evidence
62 Pages Posted: 20 Sep 2017 Last revised: 18 Nov 2021
Date Written: September 20, 2017
This paper offers a first systematic evaluation of the evidence on the effects of currency unions on the synchronisation of economic activity. Focusing on Europe, we construct a database of about 3,000 business cycle synchronisation coefficients as well as their design and estimation characteristics. We find that: (1) synchronisation increased from about 0.4 before the introduction of the euro in 1999 to 0.6 afterwards; (2) this increase occurred in both euro and non-euro countries (larger in former); (3) there is evidence of country-specific publication bias; (4) our difference-in-differences estimates suggest the euro accounted for approximately half of the observed increase in synchronisation.
Keywords: business cycles synchronisation, optimum currency areas, EMU, euro, meta-analysis
JEL Classification: E32, F42
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation