Measuring and Doing the Right Things: A Livability, Sustainability and Equity Framework for Autonomous Vehicles

22 Pages Posted: 23 Sep 2017 Last revised: 7 Aug 2018

Bruce Appleyard

San Diego State University - School of Public Administration & Urban Studies

William Riggs

University of San Francisco - School of Management; California State Polytechnic University, San Luis Obispo; San Jose State University

Date Written: August 1, 2017

Abstract

Since the beginning of modern planning, images and frameworks have been used to conceptualize ideas and guide approaches. This paper presents the development of a conceptual performance measurement framework for integrating transportation and land use planning in order to evaluating various future driverless and autonomous vehicles scenarios and policy alternatives. Our findings suggest placing measures of effectiveness and overall street livability, before measures of efficiency when determining scenario performance. As the performance dimension of effectiveness allows for measurements of both transportation as well as land-use, it provides a more holistic approach than transport-only efficiency measures. A short come of efficiency is it does not broadly measure how people are served and transported — instead narrowly focusing on transport inputs and outputs. To achieve broader goals of sustainability, livability and equity, this paper recommends placing effectiveness, “Doing the Right Things”, before efficiency, and “Doing Things Right” — this paper suggests pursuing both, but effectiveness should clearly lead. This paper presents a performance measure framework that can move us toward an automated vehicle future using fewer cars (through greater sharing), traveling shorter distances (through better land use planning), and at slower speeds (through policies) — giving us a greater chance to achieve street livability objectives that are also likely to be more sustainable and equitable. This paper also outlines how this model would apply to certain street transects and how these relate to specific urban policies achieving sustainability, livability, and equity in future cities.

Keywords: autonomous vehicles, streets, livability

JEL Classification: R42, R52

Suggested Citation

Appleyard, Bruce and Riggs, William, Measuring and Doing the Right Things: A Livability, Sustainability and Equity Framework for Autonomous Vehicles (August 1, 2017). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3040783 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3040783

Bruce Appleyard

San Diego State University - School of Public Administration & Urban Studies ( email )

5500 Campanile Drive
San Diego, CA 92182-4505
United States

William Riggs (Contact Author)

University of San Francisco - School of Management ( email )

San Francisco, CA 94117
United States

California State Polytechnic University, San Luis Obispo ( email )

San Luis Obispo, CA 93407
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.williamriggs.com

San Jose State University ( email )

San Jose, CA 95192-0066
United States

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Downloads
145
rank
187,302
Abstract Views
956
PlumX