An Instrumental Variable Estimate of the Effect of Fertility on the Labor Force Participation of Married Women
Posted: 2 May 2002
This paper estimates the effect of fertility on the labor force participation of married women in Korea. Since Korean households prefer sons to daughters, there is exogenous variation in the number of children among households, depending on their first child's sex. Using this exogenous variation as an instrumental variable for fertility, we find that having children reduces the labor force participation of married Korean women by 27.5 percent.
Keywords: Son Preference, Fertility, Labor Force Participation of Married Women, Instrumental
JEL Classification: J13, J22
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