Dutch Municipalities are Becoming Greener: Some Political and Institutional Explanations

Tinbergen Institute Discussion Paper 17086/VIII

27 Pages Posted: 25 Sep 2017

See all articles by Raymond Gradus

Raymond Gradus

School of Business and Economics

Elbert Dijkgraaf

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of Economics (ESE); Erasmus University Rotterdam, SEOR-ECRi

Date Written: September 22, 2017

Abstract

This paper analyzes whether Dutch municipalities became greener between 1999 and 2014 by investigating whether they implement different unit-based pricing systems. Based on their incentive, systems are ranged from green (“weight”) to less green (“volume”), or not green (“flat rate”). In one-third of the municipalities, shifts took place, with 83 percent becoming greener and 17 percent less green. Political fragmentation (measured in three ways) plays a key role in explaining these shifts. There is less evidence for political motivation. Particularly, Conservative Liberals are not in favor of unit-based pricing, whereas Social Liberals are in favor. In addition, municipalities in rural and shrinking areas are more in favor of unit-based pricing.

Keywords: local government, unit-based waste pricing, greener, less green, ideological motivation

JEL Classification: D72, H76, H79

Suggested Citation

Gradus, Raymond and Dijkgraaf, Elbert, Dutch Municipalities are Becoming Greener: Some Political and Institutional Explanations (September 22, 2017). Tinbergen Institute Discussion Paper 17086/VIII, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3041292 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3041292

Raymond Gradus (Contact Author)

School of Business and Economics ( email )

De Boelelaan 1105
Amsterdam, 1081HV
Netherlands

Elbert Dijkgraaf

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of Economics (ESE) ( email )

P.O. Box 1738
3000 DR Rotterdam, NL 3062 PA
Netherlands

Erasmus University Rotterdam, SEOR-ECRi ( email )

P.O. Box 1738
H 7-34
Rotterdam, 3000 DR
Netherlands
+31 10 4082590 (Phone)
+31 10 4089650 (Fax)

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