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‘Beyond the Taqlīd/Ijtihād Dichotomy: Daghestani Legal Thought under Russian Rule’

Islamic Law and Society, Vol. 24(1-2), p. 142-169, 2017

37 Pages Posted: 26 Sep 2017  

Rebecca Gould

University of Birmingham; Harvard University - Davis Center for Russian and Eurasian Studies

Shamil Shikhaliev

Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS)

Date Written: September 24, 2017

Abstract

This article argues for a more comprehensive understanding of the dialectic between reason and authority within Islamic legal thought by challenging the ijtihād/taqlīd dichotomy that has long dominated the field. In support of our argument, we offer one of the first scholarly studies of Jirāb al-Mamnūn, a collection of letters on legal matters by the Daghestani Shāfiʿī scholar Hasan al-Alqadārī (1834–1910). Along the way, we examine the influence of al-Alqadārī's taqlīd-based methodology on his attitudes toward confessional differences within and outside Islam. Alongside the light it sheds on Muslim thought under Russian imperial rule, this article contributes to current debates on the role of reason and authority in nineteenth and early twentieth century Islam in a global context.

Suggested Citation

Gould, Rebecca and Shikhaliev, Shamil, ‘Beyond the Taqlīd/Ijtihād Dichotomy: Daghestani Legal Thought under Russian Rule’ (September 24, 2017). Islamic Law and Society, Vol. 24(1-2), p. 142-169, 2017. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3042401

Rebecca Gould (Contact Author)

University of Birmingham ( email )

School of Languages, Cultures, Art History &Music
Birmingham, UK, Birmingham
United Kingdom

HOME PAGE: http://www.birmingham.ac.uk/staff/profiles/artsandlaw/gould-rebecca.aspx

Harvard University - Davis Center for Russian and Eurasian Studies ( email )

1730 Cambridge Street, 3rd Floor
Cambridge, 02138
United States

HOME PAGE: http://daviscenter.fas.harvard.edu/about-us/people/rebecca-gould

Shamil Shikhaliev

Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) ( email )

Leninsky Ave, 14
Moscow, 119991
Russia

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