Beyond the Taqlīd/Ijtihād Dichotomy: Daghestani Legal Thought under Russian Rule
Islamic Law and Society, Vol. 24(1-2), p. 142-169, 2017
37 Pages Posted: 26 Sep 2017
Date Written: September 24, 2017
This article argues for a more comprehensive understanding of the dialectic between reason and authority within Islamic legal thought by challenging the ijtihād/taqlīd dichotomy that has long dominated the field. In support of our argument, we offer one of the first scholarly studies of Jirāb al-Mamnūn, a collection of letters on legal matters by the Daghestani Shāfiʿī scholar Hasan al-Alqadārī (1834-1910). Along the way, we examine the influence of al-Alqadārī's taqlīd-based methodology on his attitudes toward confessional differences within and outside Islam. Alongside the light it sheds on Muslim thought under Russian imperial rule, this article contributes to current debates on the role of reason and authority in nineteenth and early twentieth century Islam in a global context.
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