Mining through the National Security Lens

ASOG Working Paper No. 17-010

44 Pages Posted: 28 Sep 2017

See all articles by Jerome Patrick Cruz

Jerome Patrick Cruz

Ateneo School of Government; Ateneo de Manila University

Prinz Magtulis

Financial Times

Ronald U. Mendoza

Ateneo De Manila University - Ateneo School of Government

Date Written: September 26, 2017


Mining is a volatile industry in the Philippines notwithstanding its potential importance to the country’s industrialization and development. Due in part to longstanding debates on its environmental impact and contributions to tax revenues, as well as issues with existing mining laws, mining has become a divisive issue and has failed to contribute more significantly to the country’s economy. This study examines the Philippine mining industry in the context of promoting national security through industrialization. It examines how mining could be part of a robust value chain — going beyond the present view that it is simply a source of tax revenues. Using this national security and industrial policy lens emphasizes the potentially important role of mining in sustaining the Philippines’ sustained economic development. This is even more critical when one considers that China — a country which has a simmering territorial dispute with the Philippines — already supplies the lion’s share of the country’s steel. And this is trend that could be reinforced further by China’s effort to promote its Belt and Road Initiative and the Philippines’ effort to ramp up its infrastructure investments through the Duterte administration’s Build-Build-Build program.

Keywords: Mining, Industrial Policy, National Security, OBOR, BRI

JEL Classification: L72, O15, Q32

Suggested Citation

Cruz, Jerome Patrick and Magtulis, Prinz and Mendoza, Ronald U., Mining through the National Security Lens (September 26, 2017). ASOG Working Paper No. 17-010. Available at SSRN: or

Jerome Patrick Cruz

Ateneo School of Government ( email )

Pacifico Ortiz Hall, Fr. Arrupe Road
Social Development Complex, Loyola Heights
Quezon City, Manila 1108
(632) 426-6001 local 4639 (Phone)
(632) 426-5997 (Fax)


Ateneo de Manila University ( email )

P.O. Box 154
(632) 426 6001 Local 5221 (Phone)
(632) 426 5661 (Fax)


Prinz Magtulis

Financial Times ( email )

United Kingdom

HOME PAGE: http://

Ronald U. Mendoza (Contact Author)

Ateneo De Manila University - Ateneo School of Government ( email )

Katipunan Road
Loyola Heights
Quezon City, 1108

Register to save articles to
your library


Paper statistics

Abstract Views
PlumX Metrics