Counterparty Credit Limits: The Impact of a Risk-Mitigation Measure on Everyday Trading
29 Pages Posted: 27 Sep 2017 Last revised: 23 Jan 2021
Date Written: January 22, 2021
A counterparty credit limit (CCL) is a limit that is imposed by a financial institution to cap its maximum possible exposure to a specified counterparty. CCLs help institutions to mitigate counterparty credit risk via selective diversification of their exposures. In this paper, we analyze how CCLs impact the prices that institutions pay for their trades during everyday trading. We study a high-quality data set from a large electronic trading platform in the foreign exchange spot market, which enables institutions to apply CCLs. We find empirically that CCLs had little impact on the vast majority of trades in this data. We also study the impact of CCLs using a new model of trading. By simulating our model with different underlying CCL networks, we highlight that CCLs can have a major impact in some situations.
Keywords: Counterparty Credit Limits; Counterparty Credit Risk; Price Formation; Market Design; Foreign Exchange
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