New Construction and Mortgage Default
58 Pages Posted: 28 Sep 2017 Last revised: 24 Apr 2021
Date Written: April 21, 2021
In this paper we argue that loans collateralized by new construction are more likely to go into default relative to purchase loans for existing homes because of non-linear depreciation schedules and appraisal complications. Using loan-level mortgage records for about 4 million loans originated between 2004 and 2009, we provide strong empirical evidence in support of this hypothesis. The unconditional default rate for mortgages used to purchase new construction was 5 percentage points higher than the default rates for other purchase loans in our sample. In models that include extensive controls for borrower and loan characteristics as well as Census-tract-origination-year fixed effects, we find that loans for new homes were roughly 1.7 percentage points more likely to default, while our instrumental variables analysis suggests that new-home loans are 4.5 percentage points more likely to default.
Keywords: Mortgage Default, New Houses, Collateral Value
JEL Classification: G01, G21, R14, R52
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation