Population and Social Security in Brazil: An Analysis with Emphasis on Constitutional Changes

IPEA Working Paper No. 862

42 Pages Posted: 28 Mar 2002

See all articles by Kaizo I. Beltrao

Kaizo I. Beltrao

National School of Statistics from the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics - ENCE/IBGE

Sonoe S. Pinheiro

Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ)

Francisco Eduardo B. Oliveira

Institute of Applied Economic Research (IPEA) - Directory of Macroeconomic Policy & Studies (DIMAC)

Date Written: March 2002

Abstract

This paper analyses the situation of the Brazilian population disaggregated by urban/rural condition with respect to Social Insurance and Social Assistance with emphasis on recent changes. It starts with a historical overview of the system, but concentrates on new provisions mandated by the 1988 Constitution. The 1988 Constitution defined new rules with regard to eligibility conditions and benefit values for both the rural and urban population. But it was only in July 1991, with Law 8213, that these changes were fully implemented. We compare, by sex and individual age, activity rates and probability of receiving benefits, before and after the changes in legislation for the urban and rural population. For the urban population we take into consideration the formalization of work ties. We compare, also in two instances in time, family structure and the importance of the income of the elderly in the family budget.

Keywords: Social Security, Constitutional Changes, Pensioners Population

JEL Classification: D60, H53, H55, J00

Suggested Citation

Beltrao, Kaizo I. and Pinheiro, Sonoe S. and Oliveira e Kaizô Beltrão, Francisco Eduardo B., Population and Social Security in Brazil: An Analysis with Emphasis on Constitutional Changes (March 2002). IPEA Working Paper No. 862, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=304684 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.304684

Kaizo I. Beltrao (Contact Author)

National School of Statistics from the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics - ENCE/IBGE ( email )

Rua Andre Cavalcanti, 106
Rio de Janeiro, RJ 20081-1
Brazil
+55 21 224 7677 (Phone)
+55 21 262 6330 (Fax)

Sonoe S. Pinheiro

Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ) ( email )

Rua General Canabarro, 706
terreo - Bairro Maracana
20271-201 - Rio de Janeiro, RJ, 23890000
Brazil

Francisco Eduardo B. Oliveira e Kaizô Beltrão

Institute of Applied Economic Research (IPEA) - Directory of Macroeconomic Policy & Studies (DIMAC) ( email )

Av. Presidente Antonio Carlos 51
10 Andar Centro
Rio de Janeiro RJ 20020-010
Brazil
+55 21 220 4078 (Phone)
+55 21 240 1920 (Fax)

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