Enhancing ICT for Environmental Sustainability in Sub-Saharan Africa

Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 127, February 2018, Pages 209-216.

23 Pages Posted: 3 Oct 2017 Last revised: 20 Dec 2017

See all articles by Simplice Asongu

Simplice Asongu

African Governance and Development Institute

Sara le Roux

Oxford Brookes University - Department of Economics

Nicholas Biekpe

University of Cape Town (UCT)

Date Written: January 1, 2017

Abstract

This study examines how increasing ICT penetration in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) can contribute towards environmental sustainability by decreasing CO2 emissions. The empirical evidence is based the Generalised Method of Moments and forty-four countries for the period 2000-2012. ICT is measured with internet penetration and mobile phone penetration while CO2 emissions per capita and CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption are used as proxies for environmental degradation. The following findings are established: First, from the non-interactive regressions, ICT (i.e. mobile phones and the internet) does not significantly affect CO2 emissions. Second, with interactive regressions, increasing ICT has a positive net effect on CO2 emissions per capita while increasing mobile phone penetration alone has a net negative effect on CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption. Policy thresholds at which ICT can change the net effects from positive to negative are computed and discussed. These policy thresholds are the minimum levels of ICT required, for the effect of ICT on CO2 emissions to be negative. Other practical implications for policy and theory are discussed.

Keywords: CO2 emissions; ICT; economic development; Sub-Saharan Africa

JEL Classification: C52; O38; O40; O55; P37

Suggested Citation

Asongu, Simplice and le Roux, Sara and Biekpe, Nicholas, Enhancing ICT for Environmental Sustainability in Sub-Saharan Africa (January 1, 2017). Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 127, February 2018, Pages 209-216.. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3047037 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3047037

Simplice Asongu (Contact Author)

African Governance and Development Institute ( email )

P.O. Box 8413
Yaoundé, 8413
Cameroon

Sara Le Roux

Oxford Brookes University - Department of Economics ( email )

Oxford Brookes Business School
Headington Campus
Oxford, OX3 0BP
United Kingdom

HOME PAGE: http://saraleroux.weebly.com/

Nicholas Biekpe

University of Cape Town (UCT) ( email )

Private Bag X3
Rondebosch, Western Cape 7701
South Africa

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