Differences in National Identity, Violence and Conflict in International Sport Tournaments: Hic Sunt Leones!

35 Pages Posted: 4 Oct 2017

See all articles by Raul Caruso

Raul Caruso

Catholic University of the Sacred Heart of Milan

Marco Di Domizio

University of Teramo

David A. Savage

Queensland University of Technology; QuBE; CEDM

Date Written: November 2017

Abstract

This work examines the relationship between national identity and conflict during international sporting tournaments and the impact of referees as an institutional countermeasure. The empirical analysis covers the FIFA World, Confederations and Under 20's World Cups and Olympic tournaments from 1994 to 2014, resulting in 1152 individual matches. We use the issuing of cards (red and yellow) and the number of sanctions (fouls) as a conflict proxy, plus macro‐level national identity markers to determine between team variations. Our results indicate that national identity is robustly significant in the prediction of conflict, whereas the match‐specific variables seem to be of less importance. Additionally, we observe that referees are a highly successful control of on‐field aggression.

Suggested Citation

Caruso, Raul and Di Domizio, Marco and Savage, David A., Differences in National Identity, Violence and Conflict in International Sport Tournaments: Hic Sunt Leones! (November 2017). Kyklos, Vol. 70, Issue 4, pp. 511-545, 2017, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3047539 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/kykl.12147

Raul Caruso (Contact Author)

Catholic University of the Sacred Heart of Milan ( email )

20123 Milano
Italy

Marco Di Domizio

University of Teramo ( email )

Campus Coste S. Agostino
Via R. Balzarini 1, Località Colleparco
Teramo, TE 64100
Italy
0390861266783 (Phone)

David A. Savage

Queensland University of Technology ( email )

GPO Box 2434
2 George Street
Brisbane, Queensland 4001
Australia

QuBE ( email )

2 George Street
GPO Box 2434
Brisbane, 4510
Australia

CEDM ( email )

Brisbane, 4001
Australia

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