Dynamic Factor Demands Under Rational Expectations

21 Pages Posted: 12 Apr 2004  

Robert S. Pindyck

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Julio J. Rotemberg

Harvard University - Business, Government and the International Economy Unit; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Date Written: November 1982

Abstract

This paper presents a dynamic model of the industrial demands for structures, equipment, and blue- and white-collar labor. Our approach is consistent with producers holding rational expectations and optimizing dynamically in the presence of adjustment costs, yet it permits generality of functional form regarding the technology. We represent the technology by atranslog input requirement function that specifies the amount of blue-collar labor (a flexible factor) the firm must hire to produce a level of output given its quantities of three quasi-fixed factors that are subject to adjustment costs: non-production (white-collar) workers, equipment, and structures.A complete description of the production structure is obtained by simultaneously estimating the input requirement function and three stochastic Euler equations.We apply an instrumental variable technique to estimate these equations using aggregate data for U.S. manufacturing. We find that as a fraction of total expenditures, adjustment costs are small in total hut large on the margin,and that they differ considerably across quasi-fixed factors. We also present short- and long-run elasticities of factor demands.

Suggested Citation

Pindyck, Robert S. and Rotemberg, Julio J., Dynamic Factor Demands Under Rational Expectations (November 1982). NBER Working Paper No. w1015. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=304757

Robert S. Pindyck (Contact Author)

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management ( email )

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National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

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Julio J. Rotemberg

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Harvard University - Business, Government and the International Economy Unit ( email )

Cambridge, MA
United States
617-495-1015 (Phone)
617-496-5994 (Fax)

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