Productivity and R&D at the Firm Level in French Manufacturing

28 Pages Posted: 27 Jun 2004

See all articles by Philippe Cuneo

Philippe Cuneo

National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE)

Jacques Mairesse

National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE) - Center for Research in Economics and Statistics (CREST); Maastricht University - United Nations and Maastricht Economic Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (UNU-MERIT); National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Date Written: 1983

Abstract

In a companion study to that of Griliches and Mairesse for the United States, we have investigated the relationship between output, labor, and physical and R&D capital during the 1972-1977 period for a sample of 182 R&D performing firms in the French nnufacturing industries. Our results are quite comparable to those obtained for the U.S. The relationship between firm productivity and R&D appears both strong and robust in the cross-sectional dimension of the data; it is less so in the time dimension. However, the within-firm estimates are still significant and of a likely order of magnitude.In this respect, they are more satisfactory than the U.S. ones. We show that this is largely due to a better measurement of the variables: (1) the fact that we can use a value-added measure of output instead of sales (or equivalently that we include materials among the factors of the production function); (2) the fact that we can correct the measures of labor, physical capital and output for the double counting or expensing out of the labor, capital and materials components of R&D expenditures.

Suggested Citation

Cuneo, Philippe and Mairesse, Jacques, Productivity and R&D at the Firm Level in French Manufacturing (1983). NBER Working Paper No. w1068. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=304798

Philippe Cuneo

National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE)

18, Boulevard Adolphe-Pinard
92244 Malakoff Cedex
France

Jacques Mairesse (Contact Author)

National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE) - Center for Research in Economics and Statistics (CREST) ( email )

15 Boulevard Gabriel Peri
Malakoff Cedex, 1 92245
France

Maastricht University - United Nations and Maastricht Economic Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (UNU-MERIT)

Keizer Karelplein 19
6211 TC Maastricht
Netherlands

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

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