Identifying Foreign Suppliers in U.S. Import Data

36 Pages Posted: 5 Oct 2017 Last revised: 7 Oct 2017

See all articles by Fariha Kamal

Fariha Kamal

Government of the United States of America - Bureau of the Census

Ryan Monarch

Federal Reserve Board

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: 2015-08-12

Abstract

Relationships between firms and their foreign suppliers are the foundation of international trade, but data limitations and reliability concerns make studying such relationships challenging. We evaluate and enhance supplier information in U.S. import data and present new facts about importer–exporter relationships. Count of foreign exporters from U.S. import data tends to exceed those from source country data, especially from China. The pattern of U.S. imports from origin countries changes substantially by tracing trade back to the supplier's location instead. Related-party relationships trade more, while larger countries have more relationships.

Keywords: International Trade, Transactional Relationships

JEL Classification: F1, L14

Suggested Citation

Kamal, Fariha and Monarch, Ryan, Identifying Foreign Suppliers in U.S. Import Data (2015-08-12). FRB International Finance Discussion Paper No. 1142. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3048225 or http://dx.doi.org/10.17016/IFDP.2017.1142r

Fariha Kamal (Contact Author)

Government of the United States of America - Bureau of the Census ( email )

4600 Silver Hill Road
Washington, DC 20233
United States

Ryan Monarch

Federal Reserve Board ( email )

20th Street and Constitution Avenue NW
Washington, DC 20551
United States

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