When Home Affects Pay: An Analysis of the Gender Pay Gap Among Crowdworkers

23 Pages Posted: 6 Oct 2017

See all articles by Abi Adams

Abi Adams

University of Oxford - Department of Economics

Janine Berg

International Labour Office

Date Written: October 6, 2017

Abstract

Debates on the gender pay gap have often focused on discrimination by employers, whether explicit or implicit, and the subsequent implications for men and women’s pay in the workplace. We use data from an online crowdworking platform, where workers’ sex is unknown to the employer, to assess whether there is a gender pay gap among crowdworkers. Despite employers not knowing the gender of the workers, the data nonetheless reveal a gender pay gap, with women earning on average 82% of what men earned. Nevertheless, further analysis of the data reveal that the earnings gap between men and women can largely be explained by the individual characteristics of the worker (crowdworking experience and educational level) and women’s domestic responsibilities.

Thus even in the absence of employer discrimination, domestic responsibilities that are overwhelmingly shouldered by women affect how they carry out their work and thus what they can earn. This finding points to a need to institute policies that address the sexual division of labour in the household, such as parental leave policies, as well as the public provision of childcare and elder care services to ease the burden of individual care responsibilities. In addition, crowdwork is currently not regulated by labour law which is affecting the overall level of earnings and working conditions of crowdworkers.

Keywords: gender pay gap, inequality, crowdwork

JEL Classification: J16, J22, J3, J7, O33

Suggested Citation

Adams, Abi and Berg, Janine, When Home Affects Pay: An Analysis of the Gender Pay Gap Among Crowdworkers (October 6, 2017). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3048711 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3048711

Abi Adams

University of Oxford - Department of Economics ( email )

Mansfield Road
Oxford, Oxfordshire OX1 4AU
United Kingdom

Janine Berg (Contact Author)

International Labour Office ( email )

Route des Morillons 4
Geneva, 1211
Switzerland

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