As duas faces da Petrobras: a persistência dinâmica da empresa estatal no arranjo institutional brasileiro (The Two Faces of Petrobras: The Path Dependence of the State-owned Enterprise in the Brazilian Institutional Arrangement)

Academic Master Programme on Law and Development, FGV Biblioteca Digital

163 Pages Posted: 12 Oct 2017

See all articles by Lucila de Almeida

Lucila de Almeida

European University Institute - Florence School of Regulation; University of Helsinki, Faculty of Law

Date Written: August 4, 2011

Abstract

Portuguese Abstract: A presente dissertação analisará a persistente dinâmica da Petróleo Brasileiro S.A. – Petrobras – no arranjo institucional brasileiro. O objetivo é identificar se essa permanência foi acompanhada de mudanças na estrutura macro e microjurídica da empresa estatal que promoveram a sua adaptação às alterações da relação Estado e mercado promovidas por reformas institucionais. O trabalho parte do pressuposto de que, na recente evolução histórica brasileira, quatro correlações de forças promoveram reformas jurídicas que alteraram a relação Estado e mercado em quatro diferentes períodos: (i) da Era Vargas ao governo Juscelino Kubitschek; (ii) do golpe militar ao processo de redemocratização; (iii) do governo Fernando Collor ao término do governo Fernando Henrique Cardoso; e (iv) do início do governo Lula até o momento da elaboração deste trabalho. Para desenvolver esse precedente, o primeiro capítulo analisará o modo e a intensidade da intervenção direta do Estado no setor produtivo para identificar as características da relação Estado e mercado nos períodos. Os capítulos subsequentes se deterão à análise da estrutura da Petrobras na esfera microjurídica – organização societária – e macrojurídica – articulação da empresa estatal com outros agentes públicos e privados – em cada um dos quatro períodos delimitados no capítulo anterior. O segundo capítulo descreverá institucionalmente a Petrobras durante seus primeiros dez anos. O terceiro capítulo identificará as mudanças institucionais promovidas na empresa estatal durante o regime militar. O quarto capítulo disporá sobre as alterações jurídicas na Petrobras promovidas pela Reforma do Estado. Por fim, o quinto capítulo tratará das mais recentes mudanças institucionais da empresa estatal decorrente da descoberta da vasta reserva de petróleo denominada pré-sal.

English Abstract: This dissertation will analyze the dynamic performance of Petróleo Brasileiro S.A. – Petrobras – within the Brazilian institutional arrangement. Its objective is to identify if this public owned company’s performance was accompanied by changes in its macro and micro legal structures, which resulted in the adaptation of Petrobras to changes in the relationship between the state and market, promoted by institutional reforms. The main premise of this study establishes that in the recent history of Brazil, four main ideologies influenced legal reforms that altered the relationship between the state and the market within four different periods: (i) from the Era Vargas to the government of President Juscelino Kubitschek; (ii) from the military coup to the redemocratization process; (iii) from the government of President Fernando Collor to the end of President Fernando Henrique Cardoso’s term; and (iv) from the beginning of President Lula’s term until the time this research was conducted.

The first chapter explains the direct interventions of the state in the productive sector, their characteristics, and how they affected the relationship of the state with the market during these four periods. The subsequent chapters aim at analyzing Petrobras’ configuration in the micro legal field – corporate organization – and macro legal – link between the public owned company and other public and private agents – in each of the four periods. The second chapter describes Petrobras through a legal viewpoint during its first ten years. The third chapter identifies the legal changes that affected Petrobras during the military regime. The fourth chapter analyzes the legal changes undergone by Petrobras during the State Reform. Finally, the fifth chapter discusses the most recent legal alterations suffered by Petrobras as a consequence of a vast oil reserve discovery, also known as Pré-Sal.

Note: Downloadable document is in Portuguese.

Suggested Citation

de Almeida, Lucila, As duas faces da Petrobras: a persistência dinâmica da empresa estatal no arranjo institutional brasileiro (The Two Faces of Petrobras: The Path Dependence of the State-owned Enterprise in the Brazilian Institutional Arrangement) (August 4, 2011). Academic Master Programme on Law and Development, FGV Biblioteca Digital. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3049172

Lucila De Almeida (Contact Author)

European University Institute - Florence School of Regulation ( email )

Via Boccaccio 121
Firenze, 50133
Italy

University of Helsinki, Faculty of Law ( email )

Yliopistonkatu 4
Helsinki, FIN-00014
Finland

HOME PAGE: http://bit.ly/2HthPlD

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