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CDIB: The Role of the Certificate of Degree of Indian Blood in Defining Native American Legal Identity

25 Pages Posted: 10 Oct 2017  

Paul Spruhan

Independent

Date Written: October 9, 2017

Abstract

This essay discusses the "CDIB" or Certificate of Indian or Alaska Native Blood, a document that proves an individual's quantum of Native American blood. The CDIB is a federal document issued by the Bureau of Indian Affairs or by tribal nations through a "638" self-determination contract, but without published regulations or even clear written guidelines. The essay discusses its mysterious origins, its primary purpose, and its role in defining Native American legal identity. It also suggests some provisions to be included in final regulations, should the Bureau of Indian Affairs revive its attempt to publish CDIB regulations.

Keywords: Indian law, blood quantum, Federal Indian policy, Indian law legal history, tribal membership, disenrollment, certificate of degree of Indian blood, CDIB

Suggested Citation

Spruhan, Paul, CDIB: The Role of the Certificate of Degree of Indian Blood in Defining Native American Legal Identity (October 9, 2017). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3049940

Paul Spruhan (Contact Author)

Independent ( email )

No Address Available

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