On Quota Violations of OPEC Members
45 Pages Posted: 10 Oct 2017 Last revised: 12 Oct 2017
Date Written: October 10, 2017
Over the last decades quota violations have become a norm for OPEC countries. However, the academic literature on OPEC focuses more on its production behavior than on analyzing the quota allocation process or characterizing quota violation patterns. This paper covers a theoretical model with empirical evidence to explain OPEC members’ incentives for abiding or violating quotas. We first cover a cartel model with a quota allocation rule and an endogenous capacity choice. The model highlights the trade-off between building spare capacity to bargain for a higher legitimate quota versus risking quota violation punishment. Using the quarterly data from 1995 to 2007, we empirically support the main results and intuitions for the model. Our empirical evidence is consistent with a theoretical framing in which capacity constraints work as an enforcement mechanism in good times and OPEC’s quota system disciplining its members in bad times.
Keywords: Energy; OPEC; Cartels; Oil Market; Compliance; Quota; Cournot Duopoly; Collusion
JEL Classification: D40; L13; Q4
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation