Literacy, Numeracy, Technology Skill and Labour Market Outcomes among Indigenous Peoples in Canada

37 Pages Posted: 11 Oct 2017

See all articles by Min Hu

Min Hu

Dalhousie University

Angela Daley

University of Maine

Casey Warman

Dalhousie University

Date Written: October 10, 2017

Abstract

We use the 2012 Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies to examine proficiency in information-processing skills, educational attainment and labour market outcomes among Indigenous peoples in Canada. Similar to previous literature, we find negative earnings differentials, lower employment rates and higher unemployment for Indigenous populations and important differences between First Nations, Métis and Inuit people. First Nations people do much worse in terms of earnings and employment outcomes, while we find evidence that Métis people have worse employment outcomes and negative earnings differentials in the upper part of the distribution. We also find sizable literacy, numeracy and technology skill gaps. Not surprisingly, there is a positive relationship between these information-processing skills and wages. However, the returns to skills are very similar for Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples, that is, we find no evidence of economic discrimination. Once these skills are conditioned on, the earnings differentials greatly decline. We also find that education can reduce skill and wage gaps, although the additional impact is small. The results suggest a greater need to consider barriers to education faced by Indigenous peoples.

Keywords: Indigenous, Aboriginal, Literacy, Numeracy, Technology Skill, Information-Processing Skills, Cognitive Skills, Labour Market, Economic Discrimination, Immigrants, Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies

JEL Classification: J15, J24, J31, J61, J71, I31

Suggested Citation

Hu, Min and Daley, Angela and Warman, Casey, Literacy, Numeracy, Technology Skill and Labour Market Outcomes among Indigenous Peoples in Canada (October 10, 2017). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3050663 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3050663

Min Hu

Dalhousie University ( email )

Halifax, Nova Scotia B3H 3J5
Canada
9024942026 (Phone)
9024942026 (Fax)

Angela Daley (Contact Author)

University of Maine ( email )

Orono, Maine 04469
United States

Casey Warman

Dalhousie University ( email )

Halifax, Nova Scotia B3H 3J5
Canada

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